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Journal of Inforamtion Science and Engineering, Vol.6 No.4, pp.311-323 (December 1990)
A Two-Layer Area-Level Edge Detector°–
A New Approach*

Ling-Hwei Chen and Shu-Sang Wang
Department of Computer and Information Science
National Chiao Tung University
1001 Ta Hsueh Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan 30050
Republic of China

A two-layer area-level edge detector is proposed in this paper. The first is a detection layer, and the second is a location layer. The proposed approach takes an n°—n area as a processing unit. In the detection layer, based on the property of an entropy value, we judge if the square area is a homogeneous region. If the answer is no, then we enter the location layer to locate the edge points if they exist. In the real world, the gray value of a step edge point always lies between those of its two neighboring regions, each with nearly constant gray values. Based on this fact and the moment-preserving principle, a new approach is provided in the layer to locate all of the edge points deterministically. The proposed method releases the assumption, which is usually taken by general area-level detectors, that all of the edge points in a detection area must lie on a line or on a given type of curve. The detected results are noiseless and thin. Two applications of the new edge detector are provided and are compared with the Sobel and the Tabatabai-Mitchell detectors to show their effectiveness.

Keywords: area-level detector, averaging filter, edge detector, entropy, momentpreserving principle, pixel-level detector

Received December 15, 1989; revised March 15, 1990.
Communicated by Jun S. Huang.
*This research was supported by the National Science Council of the Republic of China under Grant NSC-78-0408-E-009-03.
This paper has been presneted at the 1989 Workshop on Computer Vision, Graphics and Image Processing, R.O.C., Aug. 1989.