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Journal of Inforamtion Science and Engineering, Vol.10 No.2, pp.177-201 (June 1994)
A Survey of the Influence of Programming Constructs and
Mechanisms on Software Quality*

Deng-Jyi Chen, Wu-Chi Chen, Shih-Kun Huang and
David T. K. Chen#
Computer Science and Information Engineering Dept.
National Chiao Tung University
Hsinchu, Taiwan, R.O.C.
#Department of Computer and Information Science
Fordham University
Bornx, N.Y. U.S.A.

The quality of a software product is usually evaluated by using a set of Software Quality Metrics (SQM) including correctness, efficiency, flexibility, maintainability, reusability, testability, and so on. Software products can be viewed as the composition of a series of programs using programming constructs and mechanisms existing in the programming language. One of the important factors that affects software quality is the programming language used in the software implementation. In this paper, we discuss the influence of programming constructs and mechanisms on software quality. Specifically, we propose an SQM that reflects the influence of programming constructs and mechanisms on software quality. How each of these programming constructs and mechanisms affects software quality will be discussed in detail. To support our discussion, four programming languages have been chosen to compare their abilities in supporting software quality by examining their programming constructs and mechanisms. From the evaluation results, programming constructs and mechanisms that support/damage software quality are identified.

Keywords: software quality metrics (SQM), programming constructs, programming mechanisms

Received April 14, 1993; revised January 11, 1994.
Communicated by Y. S. Kuo.
*An earlier version of this paper has been presented in the National Computer Symposium, NSC 91.
This research project is supported by the National Science Council under the contract # NSC 79-0408-E-009-18.