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Journal of Information Science and Engineering, Vol. 26 No. 3, pp. 753-768 (May 2010)

Intelligent Traffic Light Flow Control System Using Wireless Sensors Networks

KHALIL M. YOUSEF, JAMAL N. AL-KARAKI1 AND ALI M. SHATNAWI
Department of Computer Engineering
Jordan University of Science and Technology
Irbid 22110, Jordan
E-mail: kahmadyo@purdue.edu; ali@just.edu.jo
1Department of Computer Engineering
The Hashemite University
Zarka 13115, Jordan
E-mail: jkaraki@hu.edu.jo

Vehicular traffic is continuously increasing around the world, especially in large urban areas. The resulting congestion has become a major concern to transportation specialists and decision makers. The existing methods for traffic management, surveillance and control are not adequately efficient in terms of performance, cost, maintenance, and support. In this paper, the design of a system that utilizes and efficiently manages traffic light controllers is presented. In particular, we present an adaptive traffic control system based on a new traffic infrastructure using Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) and using new techniques for controlling the traffic flow sequences. These techniques are dynamically adaptive to traffic conditions on both single and multiple intersections. A WSN is used as a tool to instrument and control traffic signals roadways, while an intelligent traffic controller is developed to control the operation of the traffic infrastructure supported by the WSN. The controller embodies traffic system communication algorithm (TSCA) and the traffic signals time manipulation algorithm (TSTMA). Both algorithms are able to provide the system with adaptive and efficient traffic estimation represented by the dynamic change in the traffic signals' flow sequence and traffic variation. Simulation results show the efficiency of the proposed scheme in solving traffic congestion in terms of the average waiting time and average queue length on the isolated (single) intersection and efficient global traffic flow control on multiple intersections. A test bed was also developed and deployed for real measurements. The paper concludes with some future highlights and useful remarks.

Keywords: wireless sensor networks, intelligent traffic controller, traffic congestion, dynamic traffic adaptation, traffic flow control

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Received March 31, 2009; accepted September 30, 2009.
Communicated by Chih-Yung Chang, Chien-Chung Shen, Xuemin (Sherman) Shen, and Yu-Chee Tseng.