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Journal of Information Science and Engineering, Vol. 27 No. 6, pp. 2001-2015 (November 2011)

P-SURF: A Robust Local Image Descriptor*

CONGXIN LIU, JIE YANG AND HAI HUANG+
Institute of Image Processing and Pattern Recognition
Shanghai Jiao Tong University
Shanghai, 200240 P.R. China
+Department of Computer Science and Engineering
Zhejiang Sci-Tech University
Hangzhou, 310000 P.R. China

SIFT-like representations are considered as being most resistant to common deformations, although their computational burden is heavy for low-computation applications such as mobile image retrieval. H. Bay et al. proposed an efficient implementation of SIFT called SURF. Although this descriptor has been able to represent the nature of some underlying image patterns, it is not enough to represent more complicated ones. Also, the proposed high-dimensional alternative to SURF indeed improves the distinctive character of the descriptor, while it appears to be less robust. In this paper, an enhanced version of SURF is proposed. Specifically, it consists of two components: the feature representation for independent intensity changes and the coupling description for these intensity changes. To this end, phase space is introduced to model the relationships between the intensity changes and several statistic metrics quantizing these relationships are also proposed to meet practical demands. The feature matching experiments demonstrate that our method achieves a favorable performance close to that of SIFT and faster construction-speed. We also present results showing that the use of the enhanced SURF representation in a mobile image retrieval application results in a comparable performance to SIFT.

Keywords: SURF, SIFT, local image descriptor, image retrieval, image matching

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Received January 21, 2010; revised August 17, 2010 & January 11, 2011; accepted January 31, 2011.
Communicated by Tong-Yee Lee.
* This work was supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (No. 61075012) and Projects of International Cooperation between Ministry of Science and Technology (No. 2009DFA12870).