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Journal of Information Science and Engineering, Vol. 28 No. 2, pp. 317-333 (March 2012)

Nash Equilibrium of Node Cooperation Based on Metamodel for MANETs*

KUN WANG AND MENG WU
Key Lab of Broadband Wireless Communication and Sensor Network Technology
Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications
Nanjing, 210003 P.R. China

In MANETs, most network functions count on node cooperation. Forwarding packets of other nodes is a basic example of such cooperation. However, nodes may not be interested in forwarding the requested packets because of being selfishness or malice, which significantly degrades network performance. Therefore, in respect of node forwarding process, we propose a global punishment-based repeated-game model and investigate the equilibrium conditions of packet forwarding strategies when the whole network is in a cooperative state. This model takes node rationales into consideration. Moreover, in order to reduce the selfish nodes future payoff to stimulate cooperation, metamodel is utilized to design forwarding strategies. Simulation results show that the proposed game model with punishment mechanism can promote node forwarding probability.

Keywords: node cooperation, game theory, Nash equilibrium, metamodel, modeling, MANETs (ad hoc)

Full Text () Retrieve PDF document (201203_05.pdf)

Received April 27, 2010; revised November 19, 2010 & August 4, 2011; accepted August 26, 2011.
Communicated by Xiaohong Jiang.
* This work was supported by National 973 Program of China (No. 2011CB302903), National Nature Science Foundation of China (No. 60873231, 60973140, 61170276, 61100213), Open Research Fund of Key Lab of Broadband Wireless Communication and Sensor Network Technology (Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications), Ministry of Education (NYKL201107), Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education (SRFDP) (20113223120007).