Quantum functional programming

S-C. Mu and R. S. Bird. In 2nd Asian Workshop on Programming Languages and Systems , KAIST, Dajeaon, Korea, December 17-18, 2001.
[GZipped Postscript]

It has been shown that non-determinism, both angelic and demonic, can be encoded in a functional language in different representation of sets. In this paper we see quantum programming as a special kind of non-deterministic programming where negative probabilities are allowed. The point is demonstrated by coding two simple quantum algorithms in Haskell. A monadic style of quantum programming is also proposed. Programs are written in an imperative style but the programmer is encouraged to think in terms of values rather than quantum registers.

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