There are many available XSLT processors (programs that implement the XSLT Recommendation of W3C). We will use Xalan-Java as our XSLT processor in the following exercises.
Xalan-Java is an XSLT processor for transforming XML documents into HTML, text, or other XML document types. It implements XSL Transformations (XSLT) Version 1.0 and XML Path Language (XPath) Version 1.0 and can be used from the command line, in an applet or a servlet, or as a module in other program.
Xalan-Java is implemented in Java and has been developed as part of the Apache XML Project by the Apache Software Foundation. Xalan-Java is open source software. The software can be downloaded from its web site (http://xml.apache.org/xalan-j/) and can be freely used, distributed, and modified.
Before you download and install Xalan-Java, make sure that the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) has already been properly installed in your system. JRE often is pre-installed in a computer system. If not, you can find it at Sun's web site (http://java.sun.com/j2se/1.4.2/download.html).
After downloading the Xalan-Java package and unzipping it,
you can find the software in a directory named
(or something like that). You can move it to a system directory, say
/MySystemLibrary/xalan-j_2_7_0, to be used later on.
We will be using Xalan-Java's command-line utility which is documented
at http://xml.apache.org/xalan-j/commandline.html. Here is an example:
java org.apache.xalan.xslt.Process -IN foo.xml -XSL foo.xsl -OUT foo.out
The above command requests the XSLT processor to apply
foo.xsl to XML document
and write the output to file
However, you must first take care that the directory
/MySystemLibrary/xalan-j_2_7_0 is included
in the CLASSPATH environment variable. How to do this will depend on your system.
If you are using bash as the shell language, you can add the
following line to file
.profile in your home directory:
Note: Your computer may have already installed Xalan-Java as part of the operating system. It may have set up the CLASSPATH environment variable as well. (This is the case for Mac OS X Version 10.4.9.) In such a case, you need not download and install Xalan-Java at all!
Use the examples in Section D of XSL Transformations (XSLT) Version 1.0 and try them on your computer!