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TIGP (BIO)—A Computational Approach for Predicting IL-10-Inducing Immunosuppressive Peptides Using Combinations of Amino Acid Global Features

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TIGP (BIO)—A Computational Approach for Predicting IL-10-Inducing Immunosuppressive Peptides Using Combinations of Amino Acid Global Features

  • LecturerDr. Onkar Singh (Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Germany)
    Host: TIGP (BIO)
  • Time2022-09-15 (Thu.) 14:00 – 16:00
  • LocationVirtual only
Live Stream
Meeting link:【webex
Meeting ID:2519 729 7402
Password:qiNeQmAS358
Abstract
Interleukin (IL)-10 is a homodimer cytokine that plays a crucial role in suppressing inflammatory responses and regulating the growth or differentiation of various immune cells. However, the molecular mechanism of IL-10 regulation is only partially understood because its regulation is environment or cell type-specific. In this study, we developed a computational approach, ILeukin10Pred (interleukin-10 prediction), by employing amino acid sequence-based features to predict and identify potential immunosuppressive IL-10-inducing peptides. The dataset comprises 394 experimentally validated IL-10-inducing and 848 non-inducing peptides. Furthermore, we split the dataset into a training set (80%) and a test set (20%). To train and validate the model, we applied a stratified five-fold cross-validation method. The final model was later evaluated using the holdout set. An extra tree classifier (ETC)-based model achieved an accuracy of 87.5% and Matthew’s correlation coefficient (MCC) of 0.755 on the hybrid feature types. It outperformed an existing state-of-the-art method based on dipeptide compositions that achieved an accuracy of 81.24% and an MCC value of 0.59. Our experimental results showed that the combination of various features achieved better predictive performance.
BIO
Dr. Onkar Singh is a research associate at the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research Center in Braunschweig, Germany. He recently graduated with a doctoral degree (Ph.D) from the Institute of Information Science Academia Sinica in 2022. His previous research was mainly focused on developing peptide based prediction models. Currently he is working in the Department of Epidemiology, HZI on project named SORMAS (The Surveillance Outbreak Response Management and Analysis System).