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Journal of Inforamtion Science and Engineering, Vol.11 No.4, pp.595-624 (December 1995)
Adaptive Routing in VP-based ATM Networks*

Ren-Hung Hwang
Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering
National Chung Cheng University
Chia-Yi, Taiwan, R.O.C.

A Virtual Path(VP) concept has been proposed to simplify traffic control and resource management in future B-ISDN. Especially, significant call setup processing can be reduced when resource are reserved on VP's. However, this advantage is offset by the decrease in the statistical multiplexing gains of the networks. The focus of this paper is on how to improve bandwidth efficiency through adaptive routing when capacity is reserved on all VP's. We first examine two VP capacity reservation strategies. Eight adaptive routing algorithms, four computationally feasible Markov Decision Process (MDP)-based routing algorithms and four Least Loaded Routing (LLR)-based routing algorithms, are then designed and evaluated. Our simulation results show that the network blocking probability can be significantly reduced by adaptive routing.

Keywords: ATM networks, virtual path, adaptive routing, resource allocation

Received July 21, 1994; revised July 14, 1995.
Communicated by Jin-Fu Chang.
*This research was supported in part by the National Science Council of Taiwan, R.O.C., under contract NSC83-0408-E-194-006-T.