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Journal of Information Science and Engineering, Vol. 25 No. 2, pp. 543-557 (March 2009)

A Quasi-Delay-Insensitive Microprocessor Core Implementation for Microcontrollers

Chang-Jiu Chen, Wei-Min Cheng, Hung-Yue Tsai and Jen-Chieh Wu
Department of Computer Science
National Chiao Tung University
Hsinchu, 300 Taiwan

Microcontrollers are widely used on simple systems; thus, how to keep them operating with high robustness and low power consumption are the two most important issues. It is widely known that asynchronous circuit is the best solution to address these two issues at the same time. However, its not very easy to realize asynchronous circuit and certainly very hard to model processors with asynchronous pipeline. Thats why most processors are implemented with synchronous circuit. There are several ways to model asynchronous pipeline. The most famous of all is the micropipeline; in addition, most micropipeline based asynchronous systems are implemented with single-rail bundled- delay model. However, we implemented our 8-bit microprocessor core for asynchronous microcontrollers with an alternative V the Muller pipeline. We implemented our microprocessor core with dual-rail quasi-delay-insensitive model with Verilog gate-level design. The instruction set for the target microprocessor core is compatible with PIC18. The correctness was verified with ModelSim software, and the gate-level design was synthesized into Altera Cyclone FPGA. In fact, the model we used in this paper can be applied to implement other simple microprocessor core without much difficulty.

Keywords: asynchronous circuit, microcontroller, micropipeline, dual-rail, Muller pipeline, quasi-delay-insensitive

Full Text () Retrieve PDF document (200903_13.pdf)

Received May 10, 2007; revised November 6, 2007 & March 17, 2008; accepted July 17, 2008.
Communicated by Yao-Wen Chang.