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Journal of Information Science and Engineering, Vol. 21 No. 3, pp. 627-642 (May 2005)

Some Optimal Parallel Algorithms on Interval and Circular-arc Graphs*

F. R. Hsu, M. K. Shan**, H. S. Chao+ and R. C. T. Lee++
Department of Information Engineering and Computer Science
Feng Chia University
Taichung, 407 Taiwan
**Department of Computer Science
National Chengchi Unviersity
Taipei, 116 Taiwan
+Synopsys Taiwan Limited
++Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering
National Chi Nan University
Nantou, 545 Taiwan

In this paper, we consider some shortest path related problems on interval and circular- arc graphs. For the all-pair shortest path query problem on interval and circular-arc graphs, instead of using the sophisticated technique, we propose simple parallel algorithms using only the parallel prefix and suffix computations and the Euler tour technique. Our preprocessing algorithms run in O(log n) time using O(nlog n) processors. Using the data structure constructed by our preprocessing algorithms, a query of the length of a shortest path between any two vertices can be answered in constant time by using a single processor. For the hinge vertex problem on interval graphs, we propose an O(log n) time algorithm using O(nlog n ) processors. It leads to a linear time sequential algorithm. Our algorithms work on the EREW PRAM model.

Keywords: parallel algorithms, EREW PRAM, all-pair shortest path, hinge vertex, interval graph

Full Text () Retrieve PDF document (200505_08.pdf)

Received December 30, 2002; revised April 26, 2004; accepted October 20, 2004.
Communicated by Jeremy P. Spinrad.
*This paper was supported in part by the National Science Council of Taiwan, R.O.C., under grand NSC 88-2213-E-126-005.